The olive oil is a vegetal oil arising of olives, an oleaginous plant. The uses of olive oil along the history was not only culinarys, but has also been used in cosmetics, medicine, perfumes, lighting, etc.
The olive tree is one of the first cultivated plants and from his fruit, the olive, we obtain the olive oil. This product is a unique oil that coming from a 100% vegetal juice. Some authors considers that the olive oil crop began in the period between from 4000 to 3000 a. C. in an indeterminate place of the Mediterranean Levante. This long journey transformed the olive oil production and the olive cultivation in a fundamental part of the destiny of the nations and empires of the Mediterranean area.
The tradition of olive oil match with an important part of the mediterranean culture, as well as the evolution of agricultural activity. The history of olive oil is linked to that of wine and bread, play a part in the fundamental food group in the mediterranean culture of the villages that are located on its coasts.